Born 21 February 1924,
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe: 1980 to 1987
President of Zimbabwe: 1987 to 2017.
Chairman of Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU): 1975 to 1980
Father : Gabriel Matibiri
Mother : Bona
First wife : Sally Hayfron
Second wife: Grace Marufu
Sons : chatunga and Robert Jnr
Daughter : Bona
Brothers and sisters : Miteri (Michael), Raphael, Robert, Dhonandhe (Donald), Sabina, and Bridgett
Roman Catholic, served as Jesuit
Kutama mission school(1935)
Kutama college (trained as a teacher 1941-1945)
Bachelor of Education degree by correspondence from the University of South Africa(1953)
Bachelor of Administration from the University of London International Programmes(1958)
Kwame Nkrumah Ideological Institute in Winneba (1960)
Teaching career (1945-1960)
Dadaya Mission School in Shabani
won a scholarship to study at the University of Fort Hare in South Africa’s Eastern Cape in 1949
Returned back home in 1952 and continued teaching
Driefontein Roman Catholic Mission School near Umvuma (1952)
Highfield Government School (1953)
Mambo Township Government School in Gwelo(1954)
Chalimbana Teacher Training College in Lusaka(1955-1958)
Mugabe moved to Ghana and worked at St Mary’s Teacher Training College in Takorad(1958) Where he met Sally Mugabe.
Returned home in 1960.
After resigning in Ghana and devote himself to revolutionary.
Imprisoned 1963 to 1975 over his statements of attacking white supremacy and trying to lead a revolution.
Guerrilla war: 1975–1979
In March 1975, Mugabe left Rhodesia, went to Mozambique and took over ZANLA forces.
By mid-1976, he had secured the allegiance of ZANLA’s military commanders and established himself as the most prominent guerrilla leader battling Smith’s regime
officially declared ZANU President in 1977 at a meeting of the party’s central committee held in Chimoio, Mozambique.
He used propaganda and expressed his hatred towards the white man using Marxist and Lenis ideologies
October 1976 he established a joint-platform with ZAPU of Nkomo to fight and win the war together
Lancaster House Agreement: 1979
The Lancaster House Agreement called for all participants in the Rhodesian Bush War to agree to a ceasefire, with a British governor, Christopher Soames, arriving in Rhodesia to oversee an election in which the various factions could compete as political parties which Mugabe won and became the Prime minister of the new Zimbabwe
In 1980 Mugabe survived two assassination attempts. In the first, which took place on 6 February, a grenade was thrown at his Mount Pleasant home, where it exploded against a garden wall. In the second, on 10 February, a roadside bomb exploded near his motorcade as he left a Fort Victoria rally. Mugabe himself was unharmed
After the independence of Zimbabwe Mugabe is reportedly believed to have led various attacks on his counterparts the ZAPU guerrillas which is known as Gukurahundi massacres.
Lost the 2008 election to the MDC and resorted to violence.
Organised the death of Josiah Tongogara in fear of being overthrown in 1979
Snatched Russel Gorerezas’ wife and made her his
Attacked Tony Blair and George Bush at open platforms
Human rights abuse and abductions of the main opposition
Constitutional and economic reform: 1987–1995
30 December 1987, he was declared to be executive President, a new position that combined the roles of head of state, head of government, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. This position gave him the power to dissolve parliament, declare martial law, and run for an unlimited number of terms
Economic decline: 1995–20017
He presided over the worst economic decline in Zimbabwe from the late 90s to date. life expectancy was reduced, average wages were lower, and unemployment had trebled. By 1998, unemployment was almost at 50%.
This all came as a result of his Land reform programme and chasing away the whites which led to the country receiving sanctions from the west.
Power-sharing with the MDC: (2008–2013)
Coup d’état and resignation
On 6 November 2017, Mugabe sacked his first vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa. This fuelled speculation that he intended to name Grace his successor.. On 15 November 2017, the Zimbabwe National Army placed Mugabe under house arrest as part of what it described as an action against “criminals” in Mugabe’s circle and days later Mugabe was forced to resign
Late in December 2017, Mugabe was given full diplomatic status and, out of public funds, a five-bedroom house, up to 23 staff members, and personal vehicles. He further was permitted to keep the business interests and other wealth which he had amassed while in power, and he received an additional payment of about ten million dollars.
Illness and death
Mugabe was hospitalized in April 2019, making the last of several trips to Singapore for medical treatment, as he had done late in his presidency and in the months following its end. He died on 6 September 2019, at the age of 95
He married Hayfron in 1959,
with his secretary, Grace Marufu; she was 41 years his junior and was married to Stanley Goreraza.
In 1988 she bore Mugabe a daughter, Bona, and in 1990 a son, Robert Jnr
After Hayfron’s death in 1992, Mugabe and Marufu were married in a large Catholic wedding ceremony in August 1996.